Joining words are also known as conjunctions. They can be words like: and, because, if and when. They can be used to add more information to a sentence. For example:
I like fish and chips.
They can also be used to join two different clauses together. A clause is a group of words that contain a subject and a verb. For example:
I stayed inside because I was grounded.
The good thing about because, if and when is that we can use them at the beginning or the middle of a sentence. For example:
I was late because I missed the bus.
Because I missed the bus, I was late.
Circle the conjunctions (joining words) in the sentences below.
I went to bed very late so I am tired today.
Same likes both red and yellow.
I enjoy playing hockey but it's not my favourite sport.
Miss Taylor really loves reading and going for a run.
We could go to the park or to the cinema.
I walked my dog when we went to the park.
My brother is grumpy because he has to do his homework.
Use a coordinating conjunction (and, but, or, so) to rewrite these pairs of sentences as one sentence.
1. We enjoy watching films. We enjoy going bowling.
2. He wants to win the race. He is running more slowly than the others.
3. My mum loves cake. I am going to bake a cake for her birthday.
4. I like chocolate. I don't like crisps.
5. Jess was hungry. She ate her lunch quickly.
6. My dad has brown eyes. He wears glasses.
Look at the pictures carefully. Your task is to write the story of what happened to Cinderella, using the pictures to help you.
Look carefully at each picture. Write words to help you tell the story in each box.
E.g. Box 1 - once upon a time, unkind, wicked, stepmother etc
Use the words you have created and the conjunctions you know (and, but, so, or, because, when, if) to rewrite the story of Cinderella in your own words.
*Challenge - Use expanded noun phrases to add description to your writing.
her two ugly stepsisters
a magnificent, golden carriage
one glass slipper
**Challenge - Use dialogue (speech) in your writing, surrounded by inverted commas (speech marks).
“I do wish I could go to the ball,” she said.
“Remember, you must leave the ball before the clock strikes twelve,” said the fairy godmother.
Can you use a different word for said? (sighed, groaned, complained, muttered, shouted etc.)